As if it knows, century XIX deeply marked the advance of the urbanization, therefore the urban agglomerations had suffered an intense process, that resulted in the current conditions of the cities, that concentrate, each time more, great part of the world-wide population. In this manner, the municipal governments face great difficulties to control the use and the development of the cities. In this way, the growth them cities is delivers, mainly, to the behavior of the real estate markets, that possess as objective main the immediate attendance to the demands of the different sectors of the city. A federal regulation is had for the first time in Brazilian history, for the urban politics, defining an occupation of intervention in the territory. After more than ten years of fight, the Statute was approved in the National Congress of City, law that regulates the urban politics of the Federal Constitution of 1998. Function of this statute is to guarantee fulfilment of function social of city, what it implies in the establishment of norms of public order and social interest, that regulate the use of the urban property, in favor of the collective good.
In the same felt Souza (2002) it affirms that, … the planning is the preparation for the future management, searching to prevent or to minimize problems and to extend maneuver edges; the management is the efetivao, the least in part … Get all the facts and insights with Bruce Schanzer Cedar Realty, another great source of information. of the conditions that the planning made in the past helped to construct. Far from being competing or interchangeable; planning and management are distinct and complementary (SOUZA, 2002, p.4). For this, the Statute of the City places to the disposal of the cities a series of instruments, that can intervine in the land market and the mechanisms of production of the exclusion.
This localization must that the inhabitants of autodenominam it to the quarter of ' ' Between ricos' '. They had been made in the quarter the application of 70 forms (appendix) with open and closed questions directed the heads of family of the residences. The sampling was of the not-probabilist type, having the concern in if to apply at least 5 forms for saw, being that the road urban net of the quarter presents 6 crosspieces, 5 avenues and a street. The choice of the first residence of each street was made of intentional, but systematic form, being followed of 4, 7 and so on, until completing the minimum of forms for the street. The questions proposals in forms had been responsible for the socioeconmica characterization of the population as well as identifying the vision of the inhabitants of the quarter how much to the conditions in infrastructure of the same. RESULTS AND QUARRELS the citizen without ceiling is pushed each time more for distant regions of the center, unhealthy areas, diverse types of places forbidden for land divisions for laws, forming cintures of poverty.
The Brazilian urbanization is disordered and comes being folloied of innumerable social problems, over all the lack of decent housings for the majority of the workers. This is what also Walnut in Itapetinga happens with the Amrico quarter. As data gotten in the research the busy space for the quarter was before destined to the green area of the quarters Morumbi and Recanto of the Hill, these inhabited by the supplied classroom more of the city. However invasions had started to occur in the 1996 end. As the mayor was election eve assented with the occupation.
However still today they lack conditions so that the inhabitants have a worthy life. The installed population characterizes for low income there. In accordance with collected data (Figure 02) 41% of the interviewed ones have familiar income below of 1 minimum wage, and 39% reach 1 minimum wage.
Construction of sets habitacionais in areas peripheral, compelling occupation, power public in planning of point of view of growth of city, intervening directly with direction to prepare city for growth population, action, services and workmanships future to try to anticipate it problems, making with that the urban planning, the economic development and the growth of the city they are planned with antecedence so that the people who arrive have certain ways covering. A acurada comment more of the demands that had contributed for the modernization was to the agriculture, that liberates man power, the land concentration, the lack of ranks of work beyond the politics habitacional. Thus the people migram for the city, specifically for the Aracaju capital, giving origin the construction of projects architectural as joint habitacionais, buildings and improvement in the aracajuana landscape without attacking its physical and ambient aspects. She in agreement analyzes of the data of the field research this being carried through the reality of the capital, verifying the occured changes in the period in screen. Demonstrating the results harvested in elapsing of the visits in field of the applied questionnaires they are mensurados to the project. FINAL CONSIDERAES To understand the strategy main of the research constitute in informing the evolution of the population growth evidencing the rhythm fast politician and socioeconmico they for etria band, tax of natality, income are/job, education, housing and agricultural immigration of the cities of the State and other neighboring States. Based in the survey in I lease and in the interviews through questionnaire with the population of each quarter they are visualizing some factors that are calling attention in the urban context of the city. Beyond in the servile one as marcante example of the situation where if it finds Aracaju, as projects architectural of buildings and houses in habitacionais sets, as well as the abandonment of the architecture of the city.