Since ancient times, people tried to arrange the house so that there is more comfort and thus spend the least possible effort. Sewage, held in housing – from the creation of comfortable housing. Eleganstvo and convenience have always been the basic rules, which built the entire interior. For even more analysis, hear from Richard LeFrak. This applies not only to decorate walls, but also the establishment of the premises every production of stained glass and bronze, which improve the appearance of the room. In construction industry, to date, an important issue consider training qualified personnel for construction workers. The laws of economics require continuous upgrading of professionalism workers, taking into account the latest results of world construction art.
If you need a quality pool construction, Chelyabinsk has a robust organizations capable of performing similar work in an acceptable time. In order to carry out housing repairs is desirable to use only quality materials, it will be a guarantee of reliable service. When finishing the walls are very important as cosmetic and functional quality materials, and their endurance to external factors. And can not do without the participation of high-quality designers, due to the fact that all repair work must contain a concluding action. Requires considerable practice and informing the latest technology to find the right finishing materials and decorative items. After completion of finishing work, the room gets a perfect view. It is believed that this step is a special significance.
After all, everyone wants to feel comfortable, both at home and in the office after the repair. Because of this, any work, whether it's an easy repair, or more complex tasks should always be end on time. Repair work in homes are designed to make them more comfortable. On the same principles occur repairs non-residential premises. This may be room swimming pools, offices, etc. You must know that low prices of the proposed repairs can talk about our respective capacities. As a result, the quality of repair depends not only on professional skills but also on the precise action at all stages of work done.
The device drain system for private homes – it is much more responsible than it might seem at first glance. Engage in its creation "by eye" – hence, risk to live on the "wet spot". Only a thorough and balanced approach will not meet on this path are numerous pitfalls and create a truly comfortable home. Calculation without marriage gutter system is composed of many elements: pipes, gutters, sinks, brackets, tees, clamps, elbows, etc. The main task of the designer – to ensure that the number and size of gutters match the configuration of the roof area and number of diverted rainwater. Traditionally it is considered that the ramp area of approximately 100 square meters.
m, usually quite a drain pipe to which a gutter size. If the area of 200 square slope. m gets an additional pipe or used more elements. In any case, the length of the gutters to the receiver water should not exceed 10 meters, and if this distance is longer, it is recommended to put another tube. To avoid mistakes in design, should make preliminary layout of the drainage elements. The easiest way to do it right on the photocopies of roof designs. In this case, clearly visible to the whole future of the system and its elements. After checking the plan starts assembly, passing by the standard procedure: first fixed horizontal piece (troughs and sinks), then there is linkage of vertical drain pipes. The course of construction works influences the type of buildings, particularly roofs, characteristics of the facade.
Box against fire in the technical characteristics of new pvc windows are such an indicator: Flame Spread Index – 0. This means that the window units do not support burning and do not emit toxic substances when heated. Moreover, if in an apartment fire starts, double or triple glazing 'strangle' it. The fact that the windows have always played a big role in the outcome of the fire. According to Robert J. Shiller, who has experience with these questions. If the glass burst, the flow of oxygen to support and strengthen the fire. Sealed double glazing – good thermal insulation. Therefore, if the first glass and bursts of strong temperature changes, then the second, heating up more slowly and survive will not allow the fire to spread – fire will end by itself. Besides there were many examples in practice.
So whether we are rich, to buy cheap things Imported pvc frames from Europe initially pricey. Now more and more domestic firms are opening their own production, setting the line for production of window frames on the basis of profiles and components supplied by foreign partners. Russian and Belarusian companies in the field provide a complete list of services, starting with the dismantling of old frames and ending with a careful trim damaged slopes. The emergence of the market of new firms and the growth bids for the installation of pvc windows gradually reduced. Moreover, in the winter and in the off-season discounts are offered to 20% for the easily portable inconvenience: 20-30 minutes with exposed frames. Components come from Europe.
Complete repair of dwellings with the displacement of interior pergorodok – is seen as a kind of semblance of public revolution, the only public coverage. Major repairs to the rescheduling – is when bored interior form is carried in small pieces, and at the same space in front of construction conceived, much improved interior. It is worth noting, as described here requires a restructuring of psychological preparedness. However, inspection of the apartment at the moment, and listened as the crumbling of the trellis wallpaper loose putty, motivation to order a comprehensive renovation added. In the complex repairs with evrostrandartam change in planning, starting time will be in the same complex, and it will begin with a complete destruction. Will probably be demolished everything, not taking into account the supporting walls. This curtain wall piers (though not Remember to discuss the matter with the relevant authorities), and aged dosochny floor. Parts of the wooden floor must be dismantled, and the guides will be dismantled and the rest to clean up immediately before the concrete screed.
Of course, when the owner entirely satisfied with some kind of curtain wall – it will not get out. Learn more about this topic with the insights from Nobel Laureate in Economics. There is much from start to completion depends on the will of the owner, and he fully choose which it will mean Housing after repair. Upon completion of the dismantling of organized updated communication system, fit the new sewer pipes, electrical wiring, telephone and network twisted pair cables sound systems. Putting again zoned wall, only this time for a new project eurorepair.
Always Landscaping plot involves the artificial creation of the environment, using natural ingredients. Choosing a landscape design for your site, you can choose not only the planting, because Landscaping may also include the creation of reservoirs. See John Savignano for more details and insights. Artificially created water bodies – as well as landscape gardening – one of the most common elements of landscape design. Decorative pond able to decorate any lawn, make a spice in the already established track of your garden. One of the secrets of successful gardening site – is properly chosen plants that will meet all your goals. Than more suitable conditions will be provided for the plant, the better they will grow, and therefore longer to decorate your site. Most importantly – unite house and the surrounding area in a single ensemble. Landscape, design which is made in accordance with a certain style, able to create a special atmosphere, move your home in a different era only if the draft landscape design will be fully consistent style architecture of the house. Typically, there are two main styles of landscape design – the formal and landscaped. In the first case it is landscape design, the basic elements of which are strictly delineated figures in the second – the design is intended to emphasize the natural beauty of nature.
Repair of apartments today enjoy quite expensive. It is understandable the general desire to save money on this expensive event. One of the difficult stages in the repair of apartments is to repair the ceiling. There are many ways to repair the ceiling apartments: papering, whitewashing, pasting tiles, Lining, Suspended Ceilings, suspended ceilings, wood trim, ceiling paintings, stucco, etc. – The set of options.
Therefore, among such diversity would be desirable to choose the best way to repair the stream that was cheap and beautiful. Consider some of the cost of repair options. Whitewashing the ceiling – the cheapest way to repair. Better, of course, if your disposal is a mechanical sprayer. It will save time, rather than working by hand with a roller. Among the disadvantages of whitewash – over time it begins to "dust" cure settles on furniture and floor. Also, if you decides to repair a new apartment, whitewash will wash off.
And it is very long and tedious process that takes a lot of strength. Another option – to paint the ceiling. It will cost a bit more expensive, given the cost of paint, brushes and rollers. What are the disadvantages of this method of repair of the ceiling of your apartment. Painted surface, as a rule, able to accumulate moisture. In addition, there is a question of quality of color and aesthetic perception painted ceiling. Painted ceiling is not conducive to the creation of warmth and coziness. Although, of course, it's a moot point. To each his own. A third cost-effective way – by attaching the tiles. Here in the pros – easy repair process. Besides tile looks very aesthetically, and with proper selection of colors and textures can be a wonderful addition to your interior. What about the negatives of such a repair of an apartment? And the following disadvantages. If you decide to change "clothes" the ceiling, a tile will have to rend. Occupation is not easy. In addition, the ceiling after the event would have to align to the glue residue. The next minus the ecological material itself. In this case, the lower the quality, the material is cheaper. Another option repair ceiling – papering. Among the advantages: a wide choice of textures, colors. The ability to combine different types of textures. In addition, this method is rather economical (if not considered an option to buy exclusive European models wallpaper). Material is sufficiently environmentally friendly, allergy to wallpaper a rarity. What are the cons: wallpaper all still need to be able to glue. Although there are now options for easy glueing. If you wish to alter renovated apartment wallpaper also have to unstick. Perhaps, with all the cons of this method. Thus, if your intention is "to put" your ceiling while saving, then the repair of apartments we recommend you use one of the methods listed above to your taste.
Most of the inhabitants of the Russian "" confident that the only hope for improving living conditions for them is resettlement. For apartment owners in panel five-storey building of the first series, these expectations are not without meaning, however, cause for optimism is not at all. Completely demolished, "" yet no one is going. Moreover, they began to repair under the federal program overhaul, the Fund's reform of public utilities. Many homeowners do not show her proper interest, because they believe that the case be limited to regular painting walls and replacing the canopies above the entrances.
However, this opinion is erroneous. Nowadays people in "" has a real chance to radically improve their living conditions, will not moving. And pay for it will only a few thousand. What is an overhaul According to Federal Law 185-FZ of regulatory programs overhaul, if necessary, can be done full reconstruction of residential buildings, which includes repair of all intra-house engineering systems, repair or replacement of elevator equipment, repair roofs and basements space, insulation and replacement of the facades. It should be noted that overseas the practice has been used for quite some time and quite successfully. Especially large-scale projects to upgrade entire blocks of old housing panel (By the way, mostly five-story building, too) have been implemented in the former East Germany after German unification. As a result, managed to avoid the demolition of reinforced concrete "barracks" and turn them into a modern and comfortable building. Incidentally, the list of repairs from the Germans was almost the same as that provided by the law 185-FL: repair-house communications (water, sewerage, heating, electricity), repair or replacement of elevators, roofs, facades, insulation and renovation of cellars.
Wiring of large houses is usually a hidden removable wiring that runs in channels formed in the factory making panels of interior walls and ceilings. If wiring is carried in the channels and cavities using a wire marks apn, appv and appvs (aluminum, flat with vinilitovoy insulation without disconnecting ear for a hidden electrical wiring – to gost 6323-62), then must comply with certain conditions. For example, one channel is allowed wiring to the joint strip a few wires to the total number did not live more than eight. When performing wiring should be pay particular attention to the quality of manufactured feeds and nests in the panels, check out their pattern, peel, if necessary, from an influx of laitance. Before you start wiring to avoid damage wire insulation, all channels at the entrance and exit to be processed by hand-rolling cutter drill. Sockets and switches are mounted in sockets Straining paws. Robert J. Shiller will not settle for partial explanations. When the diameter of the nest is greater than the solution’s feet, then the nest cement in the usual round junction boxes, which already secured socket or switch. If the wiring is made carefully, the force pulling the installation of products exceeds 20 kg.
During installation wiring, vias should provide a mineral wool for sound insulation. Recesses for desoldering the wires in the wall panel closed with steel caps, which prevent damage to wires on the tenants applied arrows indicating the direction of channels with wires. Wiring to a large extent depends on the design elements of buildings and interior layout of apartments. For example, concealed wiring in the radial pattern can run the wires mark the ASW-500 in the pipes (usually glass), or a appv and apn. In this simplified installation, reduced consumption of wire and other materials. Wiring in the same way, but with separate groups Power sockets and light points slightly increases the flow of wires, but this is offset by a decrease in the number of boxes and ration wires.
During the economic chaos occurring immediately after the collapse of the Soviet Union, many residents of Russian cities had forgotten what it means to live in decent conditions. High-rises built decades ago, gradually wear out, but on repair them still can not raise funds in the budgets of different levels. But here's the first time in many years, in dealing with this problem there has been a shift in the patient: the federal program, implementing a "Foundation for Assistance Housing Reform ", apartment houses were finally repaired. However, very often the work are not held in full or in violation, as evidenced by complaints of perturbed residents. Certainly, resentment of owners we have, it is unclear else: why the question often raised after the completion of all work and signing their acceptance? Who, as neither the tenants, in front of which was carried out repairs should have been sound the alarm at the first sign of improper performance of the contractors of their obligations? Simple rules are not cheated – did not work: on this principle, there are many unscrupulous contractors. However, those who can most effectively control their work directly on the ground – tenants themselves directly concerned with quality of repairs – are often "bethink" only after its completion. As a rule, it becomes a cause numerous "public" scandals of recent times. "Before signing the acceptance residents the right to express all the claims about the quality of work performed. If the contractor can not meet them should be contact the management company or hoa "- said the mayor of Krasnoyarsk Pyotr Pimashkov in his address to the citizens.
So you've decided to equip area near your holiday home. Now it is necessary to choose the basic concept of your future garden. Perfectly decorate any area skillfully executed flower beds, Win-Win will be refined decorative pond, which will give the landscape freshness and serenity. To create a romantic atmosphere suitable lush beautiful garden with trees, in the shadow of which can be relaxing summer evenings. You might want to arrange a barbecue and swimming pool. If you have children, you can also equip a playground with swings. In short, the possibility of how to make site – the mass. To ensure that all would wish to embody in life and look perfectly, the best choice would be to use the services of landscape designers. With the help of a professional, you can choose the style of your future garden, it is advantageous to organize space, harmoniously combining it with the exterior of your home or cottage. Professionally decorated suburban area will be your favorite place to relax after work, people, fill you with peace of mind and make your stay in a country house is really comfortable.