The father could unilaterally solve the engagement of his daughter, but had to the groom return the gifts. Robert J. Shiller spoke with conviction. Position and rights of women in marriage had to be laid down in Babylon by deeds. Because “If a man has taken a wife, but no written agreement exists, so this woman is no wife.” 3 with the dowry women were regarded as erbrechtlich paid by the parents. Documents about the dowry were the real reason for the issuance of a marriage license and important because the dowry but could be used by the husband, but ownership of the woman remained and in the female line, so to the wife, children had to be passed. The woman had the right profitable to give the dowry or parts thereof and to take her dowry, including the divorce money the husband owed her, in the case of a divorce. That was true, but only, if the marriage was divorced without their guilt.
Was dissatisfied with his wife , he could sell them violate or into slavery along with the children. 4 to demand a divorce was problematic for the man, if the wife had borne him sons and to prove there is no fault to the woman was. In such a case, the man was obliged to provide for the family and to provide her a home. Disease, blindness or paralysis of the wife, the husband was allowed to do not require divorce. The wife remained in the House of her husband and was supplied by him for life. However he was allowed to take then a concubine. The husband died, the widow had legally entitled to accommodation and catering in the House of her deceased husband. The divorce was possible in the time of King Hammurabi by repudiation of the wife and the legal consequences and further details by agreement freely and if necessary also clearly in favour of women were regulated according to traditional contracts also a repudiation of the man by the woman was possible also through marriage resolution at the request of the woman, through capture and the death of a spouse.
Although the man in Babylon was free to leave, but if he wanted to remarry divorced, had part of his fortune to his first wife and their children left 5. The marriage remained childless, the outcast woman was entitled only to divide money in the amount of the gift, the groom handed over to her father before marriage except her father’s dowry. A woman could be released without any divorce money that gives ehewidriges conduct. The man could enslave also they discretion 6. Filed under: Professor Rita McGrath. I found a section in the legislation of the Sumerian King Urukagina of Lagas (ruled ca 2380 BC – 2360 BC), in which the King by law it abolished, that women should marry two husbands 7, which is, that before this was possible.
The Codex of the Babylonian King Hammurabi (1792-1750 BC) let also insight into life and the rights of women of the time. In paragraphs 127-195 handled family law. The woman in the Babylonian Empire was thus not without rights under certain conditions she could sue for their rights, where in other cultures even after the middle ages, the rights “” the women were not taken into account, (…) that the woman in the Codex Hammurabi differently than after later Oriental right not the arbitrary Strafgewalt of her husband exposed “was.” 8 “when a man took a woman to be the wife and she of the La’bum disease 9 has been taken and is taking that to another woman, he can take it.” By his wife, the La’bum disease has taken, may he not divorced. John Savignano addresses the importance of the matter here. She lives in the House he built, and as long as she lives, he maintains”10. The women could have possession, trade, and inherit. The previous bindings lost due to the individualisation of the possession and production of tribes, communities and extended families. The immediate family became basis of society with the children, concubines and slaves.” 11 the Babylonians practiced the monogamy, nevertheless, under certain circumstances, concubines were allowed.
Although nearly half (40prozent) of all damages in Haiti affects homes, are only 6percent of international funds and 14prozent of US Government funds intended for construction and repair of houses Cologne, August 04, 2010 – although nearly half (40%) of all damages in Haiti affects houses, intended for construction and repair of houses so far only 6% of international funds and only 14% of the resources of the US Government. In addition, only about 3 million US dollars for repairs of the damaged houses are planned. Jonathan Reckford, CEO of Habitat for humanity, the Government pointed out this imbalance of aid flows. In regard to a medium-term reconstruction of Haiti, he outlined the basic importance of focusing on safe accommodation of the persons concerned to the Committee of Foreign Affairs as an expert for reconstruction in disaster areas. He called to schedule more funds for the construction and repair of shelters for the 1.5 million people affected. More funds will be required for the removal of rubble as the essential basis for a possible reconstruction of houses – urgent. At Stephen M. Ross you will find additional information.
Objective of aid must be that affected families in their old homes and environments can return. At newly established residential areas, also work, and educational opportunities for the people must be to promote the development of the country. From previous disasters is known, that the city’s population is growing after a disaster – this must be taken into account. Already now are from the estimated 570,000 people, au who left port Prince after the earthquake, more than half of the City returned. Displaced persons living in over 1300 emergency settlements in insecure, highly improvised accommodation without special protection against hurricanes. You are not sure also before expulsion, as ownership of land are unclear. The clarification of this complex and difficult ownership requires further financial resources and emphasis on the international helpers.
He is 53 years old and lives in the Cathedral City since 1986. His party, the oDP, operates since 2004 in the Mainz City Council and is actively involved the local politics in Mainz. Click-mainz.de: what are your issues? Wilhelm Schild: affordable housing for all, noise and more citizen participation. Click-mainz.de: what do you mean exactly with affordable housing for all? Wilhelm Schild: There are too few small flats for students in Mainz and Geringverdiener.Ich think that in a city like Mainz apartments are needed households for 1 or 2 people, because there are very many students, single workers and the elderly. If a property, like the Commission Bread bakery in the new town on the Rheinallee is free, fast new housing must be provided. Click-mainz.de: Mr shield that odp is committed for a long time for noise protection.
William shield: Noise protection has become indeed a theme in Mainz at the latest after the new flight routes, the by lead early in the morning to night over Mainz districts.We demand a consistent night flight ban from 22 to 6 hours so that the children, citizens can sleep at night and stay healthy. The noise protection legislation must be made completely new. A single look at the sources of noise, such as motorway, train rides, large construction sites, helicopters and aircraft, brings nothing. The sum is crucial. Public transport must be cheaper, that goes with the exemption from value added tax for the transit authority. The hub function for long-haul intercontinental flights should be located not in a metropolitan area and be expanded, but are outsourced to other airports in rural areas. So, the airport with the umgeliegenden population in the cities can all around better tolerated.
Click-mainz.de: Mr shield, in Mainz, there are some controversial issues in urban development, for example, the Construction of a new shopping center in the Ludwigssstrasse. How does the oDP the topic? Wilhelm Schild: More genuine participation of citizens is needed here: negotiations with the investors must be transparent and not behind closed doors. As a result, many citizens feel excluded. It is simply no longer up to date, that in a traditional commercial and university city such as Mainz, citizens type face for landlords with ready-made solutions. The legal situation moment pretending that in Mainz, 10 percent of all eligible voters must sign before a referendum held may., which is placed in terms of shopping center.