The father could unilaterally solve the engagement of his daughter, but had to the groom return the gifts. Robert J. Shiller spoke with conviction. Position and rights of women in marriage had to be laid down in Babylon by deeds. Because "If a man has taken a wife, but no written agreement exists, so this woman is no wife." 3 with the dowry women were regarded as erbrechtlich paid by the parents. Documents about the dowry were the real reason for the issuance of a marriage license and important because the dowry but could be used by the husband, but ownership of the woman remained and in the female line, so to the wife, children had to be passed. The woman had the right profitable to give the dowry or parts thereof and to take her dowry, including the divorce money the husband owed her, in the case of a divorce. That was true, but only, if the marriage was divorced without their guilt.
Was dissatisfied with his wife , he could sell them violate or into slavery along with the children. 4 to demand a divorce was problematic for the man, if the wife had borne him sons and to prove there is no fault to the woman was. In such a case, the man was obliged to provide for the family and to provide her a home. Disease, blindness or paralysis of the wife, the husband was allowed to do not require divorce. The wife remained in the House of her husband and was supplied by him for life. However he was allowed to take then a concubine. The husband died, the widow had legally entitled to accommodation and catering in the House of her deceased husband. The divorce was possible in the time of King Hammurabi by repudiation of the wife and the legal consequences and further details by agreement freely and if necessary also clearly in favour of women were regulated according to traditional contracts also a repudiation of the man by the woman was possible also through marriage resolution at the request of the woman, through capture and the death of a spouse.